Experiencing pain on the bottom of your foot or back of your heel is not always cause for concern. Minor heel pain will usually resolve with rest and by avoiding the pressure and rubbing on the heel that can be caused by shoes that are too tight, such as high heels. More severe heel pain can be caused by a number of issues, some of which can take a long time to properly treat and heal.
Factors and conditions that can cause heel pain include the following:
- Plantar fasciitis—A wide band of tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot becomes inflamed and irritated from too much stress or from an injury, leading to severe pain in the heel that is often most noticeable in the morning when you first put weight on your foot. Extracorporeal shockwave therapy is very effective in treating this type of heel pain.
- Achilles tendonitis—The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in your body and runs along the back of your heel to connect to your calf muscle. It allows you to point your foot and push off when you walk or exercise. Bruising, tearing, or breaking this tendon can cause pain, discomfort, and in severe cases, you will not be able to walk. Fracture—Breaking your heel bone can occur during vigorous training and exercise, especially in high impact sports such as tennis, football, and basketball.
- Diabetes complications—Peripheral nerve damage from diabetes, which can cause pain, numbing, and a tingling sensation in the heel.
- Heel fissures—The thick, dry skin that forms around your heel in response to rubbing on the back your shoes can suddenly crack, causing severe pain and making it hard to just stand and walk, especially in those individuals who are excessively overweight.
Many of the causes of heel pain have similar symptoms, so it is highly advisable to see a foot specialist to find out what is actually causing your heel pain and to quickly get on the right path to healing your heel. If you are suffering from heel pain, schedule an appointment with the Foot First Podiatry in New Albany, IN. Our friendly podiatrist Zahid Ladha, D.P.M. is dedicated to providing the best diagnostic care and medical treatment for you and your feet. Contact us at (812) 945-9221 and schedule an appointment today!