Posts for category: Foot Care
Why is foot health important?
People with diabetes are at a much greater risk for developing serious problems such as nerve damage, loss of sensation, ulcers, and decreased circulation. This chronic condition also increases your risk for infections. Even small cuts and minor blisters can lead to a serious infection if left untreated.
This is why it’s important that any changes to your feet, even minor ones, are addressed and treated by a podiatrist rather than trying to treat the problem yourself. By turning to a podiatrist you can prevent further complications from happening.
How do I care for diabetic feet?
There are many things that you can do every day to maintain healthy, happy feet. This is something that your podiatrist can discuss with you when you come in for a comprehensive evaluation. Even if you have your diabetes properly controlled with medication, it’s still important to have a foot doctor that you can turn to for routine care, nail trimming, and more. Some tips for keeping diabetic feet healthy and problem-free include,
- Washing feet with warm water and soap at least once a day. Make sure that you also clean between toes. Once your feet are thoroughly clean, also dry them off completely before applying moisturizer.
- Never go barefoot, even indoors, as this could lead to an injury. Make sure to always check your shoes before putting them on to ensure that dirt or small objects may not be inside (as this can lead to injury).
- Wear shoes that provide the proper fit. There are shoes designed specifically for those with diabetes; however, as long as you wear shoes that provide protection, optimal support, and the ideal fit, this is all you need.
- You should always have your feet examined by a podiatrist at least once a year to check blood flow and to make sure that there are no issues. If you have trouble trimming your nails properly, you can also turn to a podiatrist who will do it for you.
Ingrown toenails, a common foot problem, may make walking and wearing shoes painful. Fortunately, your New Albany, IN, podiatrist, Dr. Zahid Ladha of Foot First Podiatry, provides treatments that will relieve your pain.
What causes ingrown toenails?
You may be more likely to develop ingrown toenails if:
- You don't use proper cutting techniques: Rounding your toenails makes it easier for the edges of the nails to grow into the skin. Cutting your nails straight across reduces your risk of ingrown toenails.
- Your nails curve: Do your toenails curve downwards? The position of your nails may increase your likelihood of painful ingrown nails.
- You wear tight shoes or socks: Tight shoes and socks apply constant pressure that can drive your toenails into your skin.
- Your feet sweat: It's easier for toenails to grow into the skin when your skin is soft and moist. Changing your socks and shoes often and using foot powder may keep your feet drier.
How are ingrown toenails treated?
If your toenail has just begun to grow into the skin, it may be possible to treat your ingrown nail at home. Soak your foot in warm water for about 15 or 20 minutes, then place a small piece of cotton or dental floss under the nail to free it. Replace the floss or cotton daily until the nail is no longer in danger of growing into the skin again. If the nail won't budge, don't force it. Don't try to treat ingrown toenails at home if you have diabetes. Call your New Albany, IN, foot doctor instead.
Make an appointment with your podiatrist if:
- Your nail is firmly embedded in your skin.
- You notice signs of infection, which may include redness, pus, pain, red streaks on your toe, warmth, or fever.
During your visit to the podiatry office, your foot doctor will numb your foot and removed the trapped part of the nail. He may also prescribe antibiotics to treat an infection or reduce the risk of infection. If ingrown toenails are a frequent problem for you, a minor procedure to remove the nail may be an option.
Have you been struggling with ingrown toenails? Call your podiatrist, Dr. Ladha, of Foot First Podiatry in New Albany, IN, at (812) 945-9221 to schedule an appointment.
What are the signs of metatarsalgia?
You could be dealing with metatarsalgia if,
- You have foot pain that is exacerbated by standing, walking, or flexing your foot
- Foot pain gets better with rest
- You have a sharp or burning pain in the ball of the foot
- There is a sharp or shooting pain in the toes
- Your toes tingle or feel numb
- You feel as if you have a stone in your shoe
What causes this foot problem?
Certain factors can certainly increase your risk of developing metatarsalgia. These risk factors include,
- Experiencing stress fractures in the toes
- Wearing high heels or shoes with a narrow toe box
- Being overweight or obese
- Having certain foot deformities such as bunions or hammertoes
- High arches
- Intense or endurance exercises such as long-distance running
You can ease metatarsalgia pain and discomfort on your own through simple lifestyle changes including,
- Avoiding certain activities and exercises that make the pain worse (e.g., running)
- Wearing properly fitted and fully supportive shoes
- Avoiding high heels or shoes that are too tight
- Placing shoe inserts or padding under the metatarsal bones for further support
- Icing the area multiple times a day
- Taking a pain reliever or anti-inflammatory medication
What causes flat feet?
Sometimes flat feet are simply inherited (thanks mom and dad!). Other times they develop as a result of a weakening of the posterior tibial tendon due to age-related wear and tear, physical activity, and overpronation. Those who are overweight or obese are more likely to develop flat feet.
Should I be concerned about my child’s flat feet?
The arches of the feet develop during childhood, so it’s not normal for your baby or toddler to have arches. Their flat feet are perfectly normal and nothing to worry about. Arches typically won’t form until your child is two or three years old, and some children won’t develop arches until the age of five.
What are some ways to treat flat feet?
If you aren’t experiencing any symptoms then there is no reason to seek treatment for your flat feet; however, if you are dealing with foot pain, particularly around the heel or arches of the foot, then you should talk with your podiatrist about ways to ease your pain and prevent further flare-ups. Some conservative ways to treat flat feet include,
- Wearing properly fitted shoes that provide ample cushioning and support for the entire foot, particularly the arches and heel
- Consider getting prescription orthotics from your podiatrist, which can evenly distribute the weight throughout the foot rather than putting added pressure on the arches or heel
- Losing weight, if the patient is overweight or obese
- Taking pain relievers such as ibuprofen, which can reduce pain and swelling
- Talking to your podiatrist about special exercises that you can do to improve the strength and function of the ligaments, tendons, and muscles of the foot to reduce pain
- Weighing the pros and cons of surgical intervention
- Wash feet at least once a day with soap and warm water. Make sure that you dry your feet thoroughly after.
- Make sure to dry feet as soon as possible after dealing with sweaty or perspiring feet.
- Choose socks made from materials that wick away sweat and improve ventilation.
- Apply deodorizing sprays or powders in shoes every day after wear, and make sure to wait 24 hours before wearing the same shoes again.