Posts for: April, 2019
Your feet can swell for a variety of reasons with being on your feet all day for work being one of the major contributors. Similarly, people who exercise vigorously and those who participate in sports may be more susceptible to having swelling in their feet and ankles. Ankle swelling can also be caused by systemic diseases, so see your foot doctor for a proper evaluation and expert treatment of your swollen feet.
6 common reasons for your feet and ankles to swell include the following:
- Being overweight—Carrying a lot of extra weight puts more pressure on your feet and ankles when you walk, stand, or exercise and the added stress can contribute to foot and ankle swelling.
- Diseases—Liver, heart, and lung disease can contribute to swelling in the feet and ankles.
- Medications—Some medications and procedures such as blood pressure meds, antidepressants, corticosteroids, and hormone replacement therapy can contribute to foot and ankle swelling.
- Decreased blood circulation—Arteries and blood vessels can become constricted causing fluid to be retained in the extremities, especially the feet and ankles.
- Injury—Spraining or straining your ankle causes trauma to the foot with severe swelling and pain.
- Pregnancy— Foot and ankle swelling during pregnancy is expected, but If it becomes excessive and doesn’t decrease after taking the weight off your feet you should see your foot doctor.
If your feet and ankles remain swollen for more than a day or two after resting, icing, and elevating, especially if fever and headache are also present, then you should have an evaluation with your foot doctor to determine the cause. Schedule an appointment with the Foot First Podiatry Center in New Albany, IN. Our highly qualified podiatrist Dr. Zahid Ladha, D.P.M. is dedicated to providing the best diagnostic care and medical treatment for you and your feet. Contact us at (812) 945-9221 and schedule an appointment today!
Swelling, reddened flesh, shooting pain, and pus are just some of the incredibly uncomfortable symptoms of having an ingrown toenail. Although this condition can sometimes be successfully treated through home remedies, ingrown toenails often progress to the point of infection, a point that then requires professional treatment. Read on to learn what causes this problem, when it’s right to seek medical help, and how our podiatrists can help get your foot back to a healthy state!
The Causes and Symptoms
Before we cover how to treat ingrown toenails, let’s first review the core causes and symptoms that hallmark this condition…
Ingrown toenails initially develop due to a few different factors, including:
- Cutting the toenail too short
- Rounding the toenail during grooming
- Wearing improperly fitting shoes
- Experiencing toe trauma
If the flesh on the side of the toe has become red, swollen, and tender, you likely have an ingrown toenail. If you have caught this problem while it’s still in its early stages, you can try implementing some of the home remedies listed in the next section. However, if your toe is exhibiting some of the following signs of infection, you should seek professional podiatric help:
- Pervasive shooting or throbbing toe pain
- Regular bleeding
- The presence of a pus-filled blister
- The skin has started growing over the nail
As mentioned above, if an ingrown toenail is caught before infection sets in, there are a few different methods that you can practice at home in order to clear up the issue. Some of these include:
- Around 3 to 4 times a day, submerge your foot into warm water for 15 to 20 minutes. Regularly doing this should reduce swelling and provide pain relief.
- Following each soaking, use cotton to separate the ingrown toenail from the flesh that it is starting to grow under. This should allow the nail to grow above the skin again.
- Avoid snug or constraining shoes.
If these actions fail to clear up the problem in 2 to 3 days, you should pursue professional treatment.
In the case of a severe or recurring infection, there are a few different procedures that your podiatrist can perform to make your toe healthy again. Depending on the specifics of your ingrown toenail, one of the following treatments may be recommended:
- Partial Nail Removal: In the case of a severe ingrown toenail, your doctor can numb your toe before physically removing the ingrown portion of the nail.
- Nail and Tissue Removal: If the same toe is repeatedly experiencing the same ingrown toenail problem, this procedure can be performed to prevent future recurrences. It entails your podiatrist removing a portion of the underlying nail bed, thus preventing the nail from become ingrown again.
Concerned About Your Toe? Give Us a Call!
If your ingrown toenail needs medical attention, call our podiatric office today!
Custom orthotic shoe inserts are formed precisely to fit your foot shape and are used to treat many foot and ankle problems and to help athletes perform more effectively while decreasing the chances of an injury.
The correct pressure management and weight distribution is essential to the proper functioning of your feet and ankles. By using orthotics to correct your gait mechanics, you also straighten out your spinal column which has positive effects for your knees, hips, and back as well.
Using orthotic inserts in conjunction with specially made shoes for patients with diabetes can help treat and prevent foot ulcers and relieve pain from deformities like bunions and hammertoes.
Some of the many conditions that can be treated with custom orthotic shoe inserts include the following:
- Arch and gait abnormalities
- Diabetic foot problems
- Plantar fasciitis
- Bunions and hammertoes
- Ankle sprains
- Neuropathy and neuromas
- Heel problems
- Breaks and stress fractures
Your foot doctor can determine your foot type using a computerized gait analysis and design orthotics that will address flat feet and other arch problems. Pads and cushions can be used to provide heel lifting and isolation of problem areas so healing can occur.
Ankle instability is also a common problem that affects patients who have diabetes and specially made ankle stabilization products can improve balance and help prevent falls and injuries.
If you need help with orthotic inserts to treat your foot or ankle problems, enlisting the services of a skilled podiatrist will provide the most accurate diagnosis and treatment. Schedule an appointment with the Foot First Podiatry Center in New Albany, IN. Our highly-qualified podiatrist Dr. Zahid Ladha, D.P.M. is dedicated to providing the best diagnostic care and medical treatment for you and your feet. Contact us at (812) 945-9221 and schedule an appointment today!
Fungal toenail infections frequently appear to be going away but then the infection comes back. They can be very difficult to completely eliminate, especially because the inside of your shoes is the perfect location for the fungi to thrive.
As we age, we are more likely to develop fungal toenail and bacterial infections on our feet due to the decrease in blood flow to the extremities and the slowing down of the immune response.
Some of the main causes of recurring fungal toenail Infections include the following:
- Surface treatment—Over-the-counter remedies may not completely kill the fungi. Symptoms may subside for a while, but they often return requiring even more aggressive measures.
- Repeated contact with the fungi—Decontamination of your footwear is essential to prevent new infections from getting a foothold (so to speak!). Always be sure that any shower you share with others is properly disinfected to prevent spreading.
- Lowered immune response—People who have diabetes and circulatory disorders are more susceptible to getting recurrent fungal toenail infections, so see your podiatrist.
Treating and preventing difficult fungal toenail infections involves the following:
- Ask your podiatrist about cutting edge laser therapy for the treatment of difficult fungal toenails. Prescription medications may also be helpful. In the case of extremely advanced infections surgical removal of the nail will be require and a new, healthy nail will grow in place.
- Use antifungal spray and lotions in your shoes and on your feet and socks.
- Let your shoes completely dry between wearing to help kill fungal and bacterial organisms
- Protect your feet and wear shower shoes or sandals in locker rooms, showers, and pool areas to avoid contact with fungi and bacteria.
If you have a difficult fungal toenail, infection, see your podiatrist for the proper care. Schedule an appointment with the Foot First Podiatry Center in New Albany, IN. Our highly-qualified podiatrist Dr. Zahid Ladha, D.P.M. is dedicated to providing the best diagnostic care and medical treatment for you and your feet. Contact us at (812) 945-9221 and schedule an appointment today!
- Plantar fasciitis
- Achilles tendinitis
- Heel pain
- Ankle sprains and fractures
- Foot fractures
- Sports-related injuries
- Bunions and hammertoes
- Corns and calluses
- Diabetic foot care
- Fungal infections
- Ingrown toenails
- Heel spurs