A sprained ankle often occurs without warning as the ankle rolls outwards while your foot is still trying to remain firmly planted. This intense pressure on the ligaments, tendons, bones and other tissues that hold the ankle joint together can cause them to stretch or break. The result is often extreme pain, bruising, redness, swelling, and an inability to walk on the affected foot without help.
Treatments for an ankle sprain should promptly include the following:
- RICE (Rest, ice, compression, and elevation)— Prevent further damage to the ankle and keep your weight off until you can lie down. Raise the ankle joint on a pillow above your heart. This should be followed by application of ice and a compression bandage. Ibuprofen can help reduce pain and inflammation. As soon as possible, see your foot doctor to make sure you are treating the ankle correctly.
- Immobilization and stress relief—The use of crutches or a rigid walking boot will keep weight off the ankle joint during the healing process.
- Strength and flexibility exercises—After the swelling and pain have subsided and the initial healing period has occurred, it is very important to slowly strengthen the ankle and improve flexibility in the ankle joint. This should be done slowly with the help of your podiatrist so you can safely do so without causing another injury.
A severe ankle injury will need a complete evaluation by your foot doctor involving a physical exam and imaging studies. Reconstructive surgery may be necessary to repair damaged bones, muscles, and ligaments.
If you are experiencing complications with an ankle sprain, enlisting the services of a skilled podiatrist will help you find the best solution. Schedule an appointment with the Foot First Podiatry Center in New Albany, IN. Our highly-qualified podiatrist, Dr. Zahid Ladha, D.P.M. is dedicated to providing the best diagnostic care and medical treatment for you and your feet. Contact us at (812) 945-9221 and schedule an appointment today!