Whether you suspect that you might have a bunion or our New Albany, IN, podiatrist Dr. Zahid Ladha has just recently told you that you have one you may have questions about this common foot deformity, your treatment options and whether you may require surgery. Here are some of the most frequently asked questions regarding bunions and treatment.
What is a bunion?
A bunion is a hard bump that typically forms at the base of the big toe, causing the large toe to lean toward the other toes. This causes the joint to stick out more and more over time. While a bunion can form on just about any joint of the foot it most commonly forms at the bottom joint of the big toe.
What causes bunions?
There is a lot of misinformation out there about what causes bunions and while we still aren’t fully sure what could cause bunions there are certain factors that could predispose you to develop bunions. These factors include:
- Congenital foot deformity
- Foot injuries
If a member of your immediate family has bunions you are also at an increased risk for developing bunions too. Wearing high heels can make bunions worse, so you’ll want to avoid shoes with a heel that is more than 2-inches tall.
Will a bunion get worse?
A bunion is progressive, which means that it will usually get worse over time. Providing your feet with proper care will go a long way to slowing the progression. How slowly the bunion progresses will vary from person to person.
How are bunions treated?
The first course of action is usually more conservative, unless symptoms are serious. Those dealing with minor pain and discomfort will often find relief with simple treatment options including:
- Taking anti-inflammatory medications to reduce swelling and pain
- Applying a bunion pad over the area to prevent a callus
- Wearing properly fitted shoes that don’t put pressure on the bunion
- Splinting the foot to align the joint to reduce pain and stiffness
- Wearing custom orthotics in shoes to provide cushioning for the foot
Will I need surgery?
If symptoms are severe, unresponsive to nonsurgical care and interferes with your daily routine then it may be time to talk about surgical options with our New Albany, IN, dentist. Surgery is usually the last resort when it comes to treating a bunion.
If you are dealing with foot pain or other issues and you believe that you might be dealing with a bunion then call Foot First Podiatry in New Albany, IN, today to schedule a consultation.