Many people are tormented by bunions, with almost one fourth of all of those in the U.S. between the ages of 17 and 65 having at least one of them. A bunion is caused by an enlarged big toe joint that often pushes the big toe into the adjacent toes. As the bunion increases in size, the bump will rub against your footwear, causing irritation and swelling. Some people may have a genetic predisposition to developing bunions, but they can also be caused by tight fitting shoes, arthritis and an injury to the foot.
How to treat bunions and keep them from getting worse
Since a bunion is actually a bone deformity, it won’t get better on its own, and will generally become more pronounced and painful over time. Conservative treatments involve easing pressure and pain using padding and custom made orthotic inserts that can help provide stability and repositioning. A splint can be worn at night to pull the toe back into position and realign the joint. Flexibility exercises can improve and maintain mobility and reduce the effects of arthritis on the bunion. If the bunion is causing severe pain, it may be necessary to surgically reduce the bunion and realign the toe joint.
Investing in a good pair of quality shoes that are properly fitted is a good tip for keeping your bunions at bay. Shoes should provide good arch support, flatter heels, and plenty of room in the toe box. Have your feet properly measured each time you buy shoes and make sure there’s a finger width of space between your longest toe and the front of the shoe.
If you are concerned about bunions or other foot or ankle problem, schedule an appointment with the Foot First Podiatry in New Albany, IN. Our highly qualified podiatrist Dr. Zahid Ladha, D.P.M. is dedicated to providing the best diagnostic care and medical treatment for you and your feet. Contact us at (812) 945-9221 and schedule an appointment today!