Posts for tag: sprained ankle
Signs and Treatment for Sprained Ankles
Do you have a sprained ankle? Ankle sprains are among the most common injuries. Ankle sprains sprain occur when the ligaments in the ankle are stretched or torn. Ankle sprains can be very painful and incapacitating. If you have an ankle sprain, it's a good idea to see your podiatrist. Read on to to learn about the signs and treatment for sprained ankles.
Signs You Have a Sprained Ankle
1. Pain: An ankle sprain can be painful and can make it hard to carry out your day-to-day activities. You may also feel discomfort when you place weight on the affected area. The pain may worsen when the area is pressed and during standing or walking.
2. Redness: A sprained ankle can cause warmth and redness around the affected area. If your ankle is warm, red, and swollen, it is inflamed. Warmth and redness is caused by increased blood flow to the area.
3. Swelling: When an ankle is injured with a sprain, inflammation occurs. Swelling is the body’s protective response to an injury. Inflammation occurs because of increased fluid in the tissue. This is a normal reaction of the body and is the start of the healing process. However, sometimes the body produces more swelling that necessary.
4. Bruising: A sprained ankle causes bruising around the affected joint. A contusion, commonly known as a bruise, is made up of blood beneath the skin. A bruise results in a discoloration of the skin. Bruising is a result of injury to the blood vessels in the skin.
5. Stiffness: A sprained ankle causes limited range of motion and stiffness. Inflammation and pain often limit movement after the injury. Your podiatrist may advise against moving the ankle to allow your ankle to heal. Your podiatrist may also design an exercise program to reduce stiffness after the injury.
Treating a Sprained Ankle
1. Rest your ankle: All ankle sprains require a period of rest. Resting your ankle will allow the healing process to begin. Stay off your feet to allow your ankle to heal. Gently exercise your ankle on a regular basis to reduce stiffness. Avoid strenuous activites, such as running and aerobics, until you can walk without it causing any pain.
2. Elevate your ankle: Keep your ankle raised above the level of your chest for several days after injury. Use pillows to keep your foot elevated. Keep your foot elevated for a few hours per day until your ankle stops swelling. Elevation is important after an injury as it helps to reduce the amount of blood flow to the injured area. This helps to reduce the inflammation, bruising, and pain.
3. Ice your ankle: Ice treatment can help decrease pain, swelling, bruising, and muscle spasms. To make an ice pack, fill a freezer bag with ice. Put an ice pack on your injured ankle for 10 minutes every 2 hours. Wrap an elastic medical bandage around the ice pack to hold it in place. You should not use ice for more than 20 minutes at a time. If you have circulation issues or diabetes, talk to your doctor before applying ice.
4. Compress your ankle: Apply a compression bandage from the toes to above the ankle. Wrapping your ankle will help to avoid bruising and swelling. Wrap the bandage around your ankle and foot, and secure it with medical tape. Make sure the bandage doesn't restrict blood flow to your toes or make the pain worse. Do combine compression with elevationa and rest whenever possible.
5. Take a pain reliever: If you have severe pain, a narcotic pain reliever can make you feel better. An OTC pain reliever may also help reduce the pain and swelling. Most medical professionals recommend anti-inflammatory medicines such as naproxen, ibuprofen, or ketoprofen. You can also take acetaminophen for pain, although this medicine does not reduce inflammation. Be safe with medicines. Read and follow all instructions on the label.
6. See a doctor: A podiatrist can diagnose and treat an ankle sprain. Your doctor may order x-rays to determine if you have a broken bone in your ankle. You may receive an ankle brace to keep your ankle from moving and allow ligaments to heal. Your doctor will also give you medications to reduce swelling and pain. Once you can bear weight without increased pain, your doctor will add strengthening exercises to your treatment plan.
Whether your goal is getting back to work, hobbies, sports, the gym, or just enjoying life, a podiatrist can help. If you have an ankle sprain, search for a podiatrist in your area and schedule an appointment. A podiatrist can help you get back on track in no time!
Participating in sports always involves the risk of injury, but there are some rather common-sense tips that can help prevent the majority of them. Even obvious things like properly warming up are sometimes neglected, and it only takes one time to suffer a debilitating and painful injury like Achilles tendonitis or a sprained ankle.
Avoid many injuries while playing sports with the following 6 tips:
- Warm up properly—A large number of sports injuries happen due to not properly warming up before playing. Stretching out your muscles, tendons, and ligaments before exercise with a variety of methods only takes five or ten minutes and could save you from a long injury recovery period.
- Wear the right shoes—Always wear athletic shoes that are designed for the specific sport you are playing. Wearing properly fitted shoes with the correct arch and heel supports for your foot type provides shock absorption and more even distribution of stress, pressure, and weight.
- Stick to a routine—Exercising consistently but increasing your level of play will gradually help prevent injuries.
- Use custom orthotic inserts—Overpronation, high arches, and bunions, among many other conditions, can be treated with custom-fitted orthotic shoe inserts.
- Cooling down is as important as warming up—Taking the time to cool down is just as important as doing warm-up exercises. By slowly tapering your exercise, you give tendons and muscles time to recover and resume a resting state without injuring them.
- Stop if you feel pain—While playing through excessive pain or discomfort may be manly, it can also be quite idiotic since an otherwise minor injury can turn into a serious problem if you continue playing. Best to stop and have the problem checked by a trainer.
If you have suffered a sports-related foot or ankle injury enlisting the services of a skilled podiatrist will help you find the best solution. Schedule an appointment with the Foot First Podiatry Center in New Albany, IN. Our highly qualified podiatrist Dr. Zahid Ladha, D.P.M., is dedicated to providing the best diagnostic care and medical treatment for you and your feet. Contact us at (812) 945-9221 and schedule an appointment today!
Your feet can swell for a variety of reasons with being on your feet all day for work being one of the major contributors. Similarly, people who exercise vigorously and those who participate in sports may be more susceptible to having swelling in their feet and ankles. Ankle swelling can also be caused by systemic diseases, so see your foot doctor for a proper evaluation and expert treatment of your swollen feet.
6 common reasons for your feet and ankles to swell include the following:
- Being overweight—Carrying a lot of extra weight puts more pressure on your feet and ankles when you walk, stand, or exercise and the added stress can contribute to foot and ankle swelling.
- Diseases—Liver, heart, and lung disease can contribute to swelling in the feet and ankles.
- Medications—Some medications and procedures such as blood pressure meds, antidepressants, corticosteroids, and hormone replacement therapy can contribute to foot and ankle swelling.
- Decreased blood circulation—Arteries and blood vessels can become constricted causing fluid to be retained in the extremities, especially the feet and ankles.
- Injury—Spraining or straining your ankle causes trauma to the foot with severe swelling and pain.
- Pregnancy— Foot and ankle swelling during pregnancy is expected, but If it becomes excessive and doesn’t decrease after taking the weight off your feet you should see your foot doctor.
If your feet and ankles remain swollen for more than a day or two after resting, icing, and elevating, especially if fever and headache are also present, then you should have an evaluation with your foot doctor to determine the cause. Schedule an appointment with the Foot First Podiatry Center in New Albany, IN. Our highly qualified podiatrist Dr. Zahid Ladha, D.P.M. is dedicated to providing the best diagnostic care and medical treatment for you and your feet. Contact us at (812) 945-9221 and schedule an appointment today!
A sprained ankle often occurs without warning as the ankle rolls outwards while your foot is still trying to remain firmly planted. This intense pressure on the ligaments, tendons, bones and other tissues that hold the ankle joint together can cause them to stretch or break. The result is often extreme pain, bruising, redness, swelling, and an inability to walk on the affected foot without help.
Treatments for an ankle sprain should promptly include the following:
- RICE (Rest, ice, compression, and elevation)— Prevent further damage to the ankle and keep your weight off until you can lie down. Raise the ankle joint on a pillow above your heart. This should be followed by application of ice and a compression bandage. Ibuprofen can help reduce pain and inflammation. As soon as possible, see your foot doctor to make sure you are treating the ankle correctly.
- Immobilization and stress relief—The use of crutches or a rigid walking boot will keep weight off the ankle joint during the healing process.
- Strength and flexibility exercises—After the swelling and pain have subsided and the initial healing period has occurred, it is very important to slowly strengthen the ankle and improve flexibility in the ankle joint. This should be done slowly with the help of your podiatrist so you can safely do so without causing another injury.
A severe ankle injury will need a complete evaluation by your foot doctor involving a physical exam and imaging studies. Reconstructive surgery may be necessary to repair damaged bones, muscles, and ligaments.
If you are experiencing complications with an ankle sprain, enlisting the services of a skilled podiatrist will help you find the best solution. Schedule an appointment with the Foot First Podiatry Center in New Albany, IN. Our highly-qualified podiatrist, Dr. Zahid Ladha, D.P.M. is dedicated to providing the best diagnostic care and medical treatment for you and your feet. Contact us at (812) 945-9221 and schedule an appointment today!
An ankle sprain occurs when the foot rolls or twists to the point where a ligament inside stretches beyond its normal capacity. Ankle sprains are extremely common, with an estimated 25,000 sprains happening in the United States every day. Athletes and people who work outdoors or on uneven surfaces are at a higher risk for spraining their ankle. Regular wear of high-heeled shoes is also a risk factor.
Sprained ankles are diagnosed by degree; that is, the severity of the sprain and the symptoms it produces. Grade 1 sprains are the mildest, with minimal swelling and tenderness due to a slight ligament tear. Usually, Grade 1 sprains still allow for weight to be put on the ankle. Grade 2 sprains have a more significant injury to the ligament and, while walking may still be possible, it is painful. Grade 3 sprains are diagnosed when the affected ligament has sustained a complete tear and the ankle cannot bear weight. Grade 3 sprains typically display obvious bruising and swelling around the ankle.
The grade of an ankle sprain will determine the treatment. The tried-and-true RICE method - rest, ice, compression, and elevation - is usually sufficient for Grade 1 sprains. Refraining from walking, keeping the ankle elevated for the first two days, stabilizing the ankle with a compression dressing, and applying ice to reduce swelling helps the sprain resolve within 2 to 4 weeks. Grade 2 sprains also respond well to RICE treatment, although healing typically takes longer and a firmer immobilization device, like a splint, is typically recommended. Grade 3 sprains often require similar treatment used for ankle fractures; a cast or brace may be needed and surgery may be considered for some patients.
To ensure proper healing, it is important to follow the recommendations of your podiatrist. Attempting to return to normal activity too soon could result in a repeat injury or permanent ankle instability.