Pain on the top of the foot can be caused by a variety of reasons, which is why it is always a good idea to have any top of the foot pain checked out by your podiatrist to determine the precise cause and get on the right treatment path.
3 of the main causes of pain on the top of the foot include:
- Shoes that fit poorly—Shoes that are too tight will increase the pressure on the top of the foot causing pressure and stress and possibly causing blisters. Your shoes should have a wide toe box to give the top of your feet room to move without constriction. Shoes that are too loose can also cause rubbing, so be sure to have your feet properly measured and fitted each time you buy shoes.
- Bone breaks and hairline fractures—Since the bones on top of the foot are small and rather fragile, they are easily damaged by accidents and injuries. While a sudden break will cause immediate pain on the top of your foot, a hairline or stress fracture can develop slowly from repetitive stress, and pain may be intermittent. Your foot doctor can perform imaging studies to identify a stress fracture.
- Diseases—Arthritis and other systemic diseases like diabetes contribute to pain, numbness, swelling, and stiffness that can affect the joints and other tissues on the top of the foot.
If you are experiencing pain on the top of your foot, enlisting the services of a skilled podiatrist will help you find the best solution. Schedule an appointment with the Foot First Podiatry Center in New Albany, IN. Our highly qualified podiatrist Dr. Zahid Ladha is dedicated to providing the best diagnostic care and medical treatment for you and your feet. Contact us at (812) 945-9221 and schedule an appointment today!
Custom orthotics are removable shoe inserts that provide greater arch support and stability to the feet and ankles. There are different types of orthotics available depending on the issue and level of support that is needed. Basic orthotics are sold over the counter, but a custom pair designed specifically for your foot will provide optimal support and comfort.
When are Custom Orthotics Necessary?
Podiatrists typically recommend custom orthotics for people with flat feet, or very high arches. One of the most common signs that you may benefit from a pair of orthotics is heel pain (although you may also experience pain and swelling in other parts of the foot). You may also experience pain and swelling after normal and relatively low impact activities like standing or walking.
A good way to figure out if you are having pronation issues is to examine the soles of your shoes and sneakers. If the soles and insoles tend to become visibly more worn on one side, it may be a sign that your alignment is off and you are over or under pronating. A podiatrist may ask you to walk in your bare feet to observe your stride and gait (known as a gait analysis). If you experience persistent pain, swelling, or stiffness, especially after exercise or after long periods of rest, schedule an appointment with a podiatrist.
Types of Custom Orthotics
There are a few different types of custom orthotics designs available depending on your needs.
Functional (also known as rigid) orthotics are made of harder materials and are usually prescribed for pronation problems or joint issues like arthritis.
Accommodative orthotics are designed to provide more cushioning and support and are typically prescribed for problems like plantar fasciitis and bunions.
In addition to improving your gait and foot and ankle alignment, custom orthotics can help to prevent related strains and injuries and relieve back, joint, and knee pain if it is caused by issues with your arches and pronation.
Ingrown toenails are frequently seen on the big toe, but other toes are also susceptible. When the corner or edge of your toenail grows sideways and pushes into your skin instead of alongside or over the top of it, an ingrown toenail can occur with the corresponding severe pain, swelling, and possible infection.
4 signs and causes of ingrown toenails include:
- Improper nail cutting—Since this is the main cause of ingrown toenails, be sure to cut your nails straight across or on a slight curve, and not too short.
- They can be inherited—Developing ingrown toenails may be all in the family! Thanks, mom!
- Redness, pain, and oozing—The tender skin at the edge of the nail will appear red and inflamed, with an oozing, sometimes foul-smelling discharge.
- Tightly fitting shoes—Shoes that scrunch your toes together like high heels can cause your toenails to push into your skin.
Treatment and prevention of ingrown toenails
Soaking the foot in warm, soapy water can help to soften the nail and decrease some of the pain and inflammation. Toe spacers can help isolate an infected toe and prevent additional stress and pressure on the nail. Wash your feet daily and use anti-bacterial and anti-fungal cream or ointment to prevent spreading.
To help prevent an ingrown toenail from occurring in the first place, always cut your toenails as straight as possible and make them a little long so they can’t get under your skin.
If you are experiencing complications with ingrown toenails, enlisting the services of a skilled podiatrist will help you find the best solution. Schedule an appointment with the Foot First Podiatry Center in New Albany, IN. Our highly-qualified podiatrist Dr. Zahid Ladha is dedicated to providing the best diagnostic care and medical treatment for you and your feet. Contact us at (812) 945-9221 and schedule an appointment today!
An untreated fungal toenail infection will go through stages, evolving from a mild inconvenience to a severe infection that can even lead to the amputation of a toe or the entire foot. While less entrenched infections can be successfully treated with over the counter treatments, always check to make sure the fungus isn’t coming back with a vengeance, requiring more aggressive care.
An early stage fungal toenail infection will show up with white lines or spots evident on the surface of the nail. The nails will become thick, more yellow, and brittle. They can also exhibit a powdery and softened condition.
Initially, toenail fungus may respond well to topical treatments like antifungal creams and ointments. If this treatment is unsuccessful and the infection continues to get worse, the symptoms will become more severe.
Symptoms of an advanced fungal toenail infection:
- Color changes—More pronounced discoloration will occur with nails becoming brown, gray, or a deeper yellow
- Pronounced ridges—Raised ridges run across the nail
- Nail thickening—More severe thickening of the nails will occur
- Scaly looking skin—Skin near the nail will take on a scaly appearance
- Bad smell—A strong odor comes from the nail area
If a fungal toenail infection goes untreated and it continues to spread, it may be necessary to completely remove the nail. The fungi can eventually spread to your bloodstream with the potential for life-threatening complications, so don’t take chances. Laser therapy for fungal nails is the perfect solution for more advanced infections and is minimally invasive.
If you are concerned about an advancing fungal toenail infection, it is important to see a podiatrist for the proper care. Schedule an appointment with the Foot First Podiatry Center in New Albany, IN. Our highly-qualified podiatrist Dr. Zahid Ladha is dedicated to providing the best diagnostic care and medical treatment for you and your feet. Contact us at (812) 945-9221 and schedule an appointment today!
Arthritis is a joint condition that affects roughly 54 million American adults according to the Arthritis Foundation. It can show up in joints all around the body, including the feet and toes. When the joints of the feet are affected by inflammation, it affects a patient’s ability to move their toes, bend their feet up or down, and turn on a dime when participating in athletic activities. Learn the steps that you can take to care for arthritic feet and improve your overall foot health.
Arthritis in the Feet
Arthritic joint pain, which is usually caused by an inflammatory reaction, is most commonly felt in the big toe, ankle, and the middle part of the foot. There are many different types of arthritis conditions that could affect the feet, including psoriatic, reactive, and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is the most common form—it is caused by the bones rubbing together, making the joints feel stiff and painful. Patients who are overweight are more likely to struggle with arthritic feet, as are seniors. Some people have had arthritis since childhood (juvenile arthritis or JA), making them more likely to develop foot deformities like bunions and struggle with swollen joints.
Though arthritis isn’t a curable condition, the symptoms can be eased with treatment so that you can continue to walk, jog, exercise, and work without debilitating pain. These are some of the ways your podiatrist may treat arthritis in the feet:
- An X-ray or other imaging test to examine the condition of the joints.
- Physical therapy exercises to make the joints more flexible.
- Orthotic device or shoe for better foot support.
- Joint injections (corticosteroids).
- NSAID drugs (anti-inflammatories).
- Surgery to remove inflamed tissue around the joints (Arthroscopic debridement) or fuse the bones (arthrodesis).
Caring for Your Feet
Seeing a foot doctor is an important part of caring for arthritic feet. But there are also some actions you can take at home to keep your feet and joints in good condition:
- Get rid of shoes that put too much pressure on your joints, like high heels or sneakers that don’t support the ankles.
- Soak your feet in warm water with Epsom salt and massage your feet when relaxing.
- Commit to doing the toe and foot exercises suggested by your podiatrist.
Treating Arthritic Feet
Arthritic feet shouldn't prevent you from carrying on with normal life and physical activities. Get help from a podiatrist as soon as you start to experience symptoms and take extra steps to care for your feet.
This website includes materials that are protected by copyright, or other proprietary rights. Transmission or reproduction of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use, as defined in the copyright laws, requires the written permission of the copyright owners.