My Blog

Posts for: October, 2012

Although smoking’s ill effects on the lungs and heart are well known, it can be equally harmful to the feet. James Mahoney, associate professor of podiatric surgery at Des Moines University, can sometimes tell whether a person smokes or not just by the condition of their feet, which are often reddish and thin skinned. Because feet are so far away from the heart, under optimal conditions they don’t receive as much blood circulation as the rest of your body. However, smoking raises the risk of peripheral artery disease, which further limits circulation and harms the feet even more.

As James Mahoney points out, poor circulation in the feet can be serious and detrimental to your health. If you notice that your feet are often reddish and thin skinned, as Mahoney explained, it is recommended to seek the care of a podiatrist, like Dr. Zahid Ladha, F.A.C.F.A.S. of Foot First Podiatry. Dr. Ladha will determine whether or not you suffer from poor circulation in your feet and provide treatment options for you.

What is Poor Circulation?

Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs is caused by peripheral artery disease (PAD), which is the result of a buildup of plaque in the arteries.

Plaque buildup or atherosclerosis results from excess calcium and cholesterol in the bloodstream. It usually restricts the amount of blood which can flow through the arteries. Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs is sometimes caused by inflammation in the blood vessels, known as vasculitis.

Causes

Lack of oxygen and oxygen from poor blood circulation restricts muscle growth and development.

It can also cause:

- Muscle pain 
- Numbness in legs
- Cramps
- Skin discoloration
- Weakness
- Slower nail & hair growth
- Stiffness
- Erectile dysfunction

Those who have diabetes and or smoke are at greatest risk for poor circulation, or people who are over 50.

If you have poor circulation in the feet and legs it may be caused by PAD, and is important to make changes to your lifestyle in order to reduce risk of getting a heart attack or stroke. Exercise and maintain a healthy lifestyle will dramatically improve conditions

As always, see a doctor as they will help try and fit a regime that suits you. A doctor will also prescribe you medication which will help with PAD.  

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in New Albany, IN. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.

Read the Full Article on Poor Circulation in the Feet


Fall is a time when many begin or start back up with dance lessons.  Dance can provide adolescents and children with a good amount of exercise, but without proper care can also lead to injury.  “Dance is a highly demanding activity,” said Dr. Scott Levin of Somers Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine Group.  “Every dance performance requires flexibility, balance, power and endurance and many forms of dance require positions that place a great deal of stress on bones, muscles, tendons and ligaments.  It’s not surprising that many dancers sustain an injury at some point and that the foot, ankle and lower leg are particularly vulnerable.”

 Overuse injuries are the most common due to the repetitive nature of dance movements.  When overuse occurs in the bone it can lead to stress fracturesor in the case of a tendon, tendinitis.  Some of the most common injuries are inflammation, stress fractures, and ankle sprains.  If a young dancer becomes injured, he or she should not return to class until cleared to do so by a medical professional.  If you think you may have sustained an injury such as a stress fracture you should seek out the care of a podiatrist such as Dr. Zahid Ladha, F.A.C.F.A.S. of Foot First Podiatry. Dr. Ladha can diagnose any foot injuries you may have and provide you with treatment options that work for you.

Dealing with Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle

The Stress Fractures occur on the foot and ankle when muscles in these areas weaken from too much or too little use.  Then the feet and ankles lose support when walking or running from the impact of the ground. Since there is no protection the bones receive the full impact of each step. The stress on the feet causes cracks to form in the bones, thus called stress fractures.

What are Stress Fractures?

Common among individuals whose daily activities cause great impact on the feet and ankles. Stress factors are most common among:

-runners                                 
-people affected with Osteoporosis
-play tennis or basketball
-gymnastics
-high impact workouts

Symptoms

Pain from the fractures occur in the area of the fractures, and can be constant or intermittent. It will often cause sharp or dull pain with swelling and tenderness. Engaging in any kind of activity which involves in high impact will aggravate pain.

Treatment

The individual and the degree of injury depend on the fracture of the foot. Some fractures heal very fast while others take a long times and one would need crutches.

- Surgery with support pins around the fracture helps
- A great intake of Calcium and Vitamin-D helps for strong bones
- Set a regimen for running or other activity
- Wear supportive shoes

If you experience any discomfort or stress stop what you are doing and get rest. If symptoms persist see an orthopedic specialist right away.  

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in New Albany, IN. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.


A new study in the American Journal of Physiology-Cell Physiology has uncovered new evidence that aids in the understanding of cold feet. Scientists have pinpointed specific proteins in the blood vessels that cause a reaction when the body is exposed to cold. The body's normal response to cold is to restrict blood flow to the extremities, but in people with cold feet, the proteins overreact and limit circulationtoo much, causing overly cold feet and hands.

Cold feet due to poor circulation are a difficult condition to treat. If you are experiencing overly cold feet that you think might be due to poor circulation, you should seek the care of a podiatrist like Dr. Zahid Ladha, F.A.C.F.A.S. of Foot First Podiatry. Dr. Ladha will give you a thorough examination to determine the cause of your cold feet and recommend appropriate treatment options.

What is Poor Circulation?

Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs is caused by peripheral artery disease (PAD), which is the result of a buildup of plaque in the arteries.

Plaque buildup or atherosclerosis results from excess calcium and cholesterol in the bloodstream. It usually restricts the amount of blood which can flow through the arteries. Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs are sometimes caused by inflammation in the blood vessels, known as vasculitis.

Causes

Lack of oxygen and oxygen from poor blood circulation restricts muscle growth and development.

It can also cause:
- Muscle pain 
- Numbness in legs
- Cramps
- Skin discoloration
- Weakness
- Slower nail & hair growth
- Stiffness
- Erectile dysfunction

Those who have diabetes and or smoke are at greatest risk for poor circulation, or who are over 50.

If you have poor circulation in the feet and legs it may be caused by PAD, and is important to make changes to your lifestyle in order to reduce risk of getting a heart attack or stroke. Exercise and maintain a healthy lifestyle will dramatically improve conditions

As always see a doctor as they will help try and fit a regime that suits you. A doctor will also prescribe you medication which will help for PAD.  

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in New Albany, IN. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.

Read the Full Article on Poor Circulation in the Feet.


Physical therapist and University of Central Florida instructor Carey Rothschild, recently conducted a study on barefoot running which was published in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. Rothschild surveyed 785 runners for her study. She concluded that barefoot running may help some people, but that others could potentially injure themselves if they do not allow their bodies to adjust properly to barefoot running.

Allowing your body time to adjust properly to barefoot running is essential, and part of this preventative care involves talking to a podiatrist like Dr. Zahid Ladha, F.A.C.F.A.S. of Foot First Podiatry. Dr. Ladha can advise you on a running regimen, as well as provide information on techniques of barefoot running to help avoid foot pain, heel pain, and injury.

Barefoot Running

The Impact of Barefoot Running
- Running without shoes changes the motion of your running, as most running is done by landing on the heel of the feet.
- Running barefoot requires a different way of running; the landing is done on the front part of the feet.

The Advantages of Barefoot Running
- When running and landing on the front feet, the impact on the feet and ankle is reduced, this can reduce stress injuries.
- It strengthens muscles in the feet and ankles and the lower legs.
- Balance of the body is improved and there is a greater sensory input from the feet to the rest of the body.

The Drawbacks of Barefoot Running
- No protection while running, makes it likely that runners will land on sharp objects and scrapes, bruises and cuts on the feet will result.
- Blisters may form.
- Possibility of plantar fascia problems.
- Risk of getting Achilles tendonitis.

So what can runners do to make barefoot running safe? It’s best to make a slow transition from running shoes to barefoot running. Once the feet begin to adjust, try walking, then jogging and gradually increasing the distance. Minimalist running shoes may also be an option.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office which is located in New Albany, IN. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.

Read the full article on Barefoot Running.


The Glasgow/Maastricht foot model is the result of three years of work by researchers at Glasgow Caledonian University (GCU).  “Previous to this development, most computer models of the human body ended in a black rectangle – the foot was too complicated to model,” said Professor Jim Woodburn, project coordinator at GCU who worked with colleagues at Maastricht University.  The human foot is difficult to model because it has 26 bones, 33 joints, and more than 100 muscles.  

This new model will be used to test new treatments and cures which will hopefully lead to faster recovery times for those injured, better orthotics, as well as other improvements.  Although there are developments such as this, it is still recommended to see a podiatrist such Dr. Zahid Ladha, F.A.C.F.A.S. of Foot First Podiatry if you think you need orthotics or treatment for a foot injury.  Dr. Ladha can diagnose your foot injury, address your concerns, and prescribe an appropriate course of treatment.

Orthoses

Orthoses are devices used to correct physical impairments that are caused by scoliosis, spina bifida, cerebral palsy, or foot deformities. Orthopedic devices control, guide, limit or immobilize body segments. They assist in movement; reduce weight bearing forces and aid in rehabilitation from fractures. They also correct the shape and function of the body.

Orthoses include ankle foot orthosis, thoracolumbosacral orthosis, knee orthosis and wrist hand orthosis. When orthoses were first made, plaster of Paris molds were made of the patient and then materials like plastic, elastic, metal or a combination of those materials. Now braces for participants in contact sports are made from neoprene to allow movement but reduce the range of movement.

Different Types of Braces
-The Boston Brace
            -Used to assist patients who suffer from scoliosis.
-The Charleston Bending Brace
            -This is worn only at night, the design of this brace is built to correct the curve of the scoliosis.
-The Milwaukee Brace
             -Used for mid-back curves. This brace consists of a plastic pelvic girdle and a neck ring. This brace is rarely used but patients with a curve very high in the spine can benefit from wearing it.
            -A knee orthosis is a brace worn to given the knee strength. Ostero arthritiscan cause significant pain, knee braces allow a person to remain active.

Orthoses have changed over the decades as new material and technology have advanced. The materials used for the actual orthotic devices have evolved and help to stop pain and give patients the ability to move pain free.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office which is located in New Albany, IN. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.