Posts for: November, 2013

BiomechanicsSun Jae Professor of Mechanical Engineering of MIT’s Neville Hogan has made the ankle’s stiffness the focal point of his research with the help of a robot called the AnkleBot. The AnkleBot works by mounting the bot to a knee brace, which is then attached to a custom-designed shoe. As the subject moves his or her ankle, the robot moves the foot along in directions within the normal range of motion. This experiment helps to understand the ankle’s biomechanics.

Studying the ankle’s biomechanics can help patients suffering from motor disorders and can even lead to the creation of safer footwear in the future. For now the Anklebot is being used to help patients regain their mobility.

If you are suffering from foot pain and think it might be caused by motor-related issues, you should seek the care of a podiatrist likeas Dr. Zahid Ladha, F.A.C.F.A.S. of Foot First Podiatry. Dr. Ladha can examine your feet and diagnose any potential conditions.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a sect of specialized podiatry that features licensed practitioners trained in diagnosing and treating conditions that affect the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics focuses on the issues that affect the body and cause an interference with the biological structure. It also focuses on the foot and ankle’s movement and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

-Biomechanics historically dates back to ancient Egypt, which utilized professional foot care

-Biomechanics gained a high profile in 1974 thanks to the studies of Merton Root, who claimed by changing or controlling the ankle and foot’s forces, as well as diagnosing conditions and making corrections, could be used to gain strength and coordination to the affected area.

Improvements in modern technology are based on both therapeutic processes and past theories. These help provide a better understanding of podiatry concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide an accurate determination regarding the movements and patterns of the lower legs and feet with important information captured.

Increasing awareness and advances in available materials have helped enhance corrective methods and offer further options for foot-related injuries. Understanding the biomechanics of the feet can help alleviate and even eliminate pain and further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions, contact our office located in New Albany, IN. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read the full article on Biomechanics in Podiatry.

Foot UlcersResearch that has been performed by several groups has led to the development of new techniques when it comes to diabetic foot ulcer treatment. Oxygen therapy, for example, helps to enhance cell division and fibrous tissue. Negative-pressure wound therapy removes liquid and necrotic tissue via a vacuum. In cases that may lead to amputation, vascular and microsurgery are usually options considered to be viable. Stem cell therapy also shows some promise despite being in its infancy stages. Three major components for wound therapy include oxygen, antibiotics and moisture. Ulcers are the result of breaches in the skin that do not heal. These breaches are usually caused by injuries, sensory loss, poor circulation and/or skin infections.

Your feet are an important part of your body. If you believe you are suffering from a systemic disease, you should seek out the care of a podiatrist like Dr. Zahid Ladha, F.A.C.F.A.S. of Foot First Podiatry. Dr. Ladha can diagnose your condition as well as provide you with treatment options that work for you.  

Systemic Diseases of the Foot

Systemic diseases affect the whole body, and symptoms usually are displayed in the feet. This condition can make a patient’s ability to walk unbearable. Systemic diseases include: gout, diabetes mellitus, neurological disorders, and arthritis.

Gout – is caused by an excess of uric acid in the body. Some common symptoms include pain, inflammation, and redness at the metatarsal/phalangeal joint of the base big toe. Gout can be treated by NSAIDs, which relieves pain and inflammation and other drugs which lowers the acid levels in the body.

Diabetes mellitus- is an increase in the level of blood sugar in which the body cannot counteract with the insulin in the body. When the body doesn’t produce enough insulin this is a factor in Diabetes.

Diabetes of the Feet

●Diabetic Neuropathy – may lead to damaged nerves and affect the feet through numbness and loss of sensation.

●Peripheral Vascular Disease- can restrict the blood flow to the feet, and often times lead to amputation of the feet. 

If you have any questions, contact our office located in New Albany, IN. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more on systemic diseases of the foot.

Flat FeetAccording to a new study conducted by Marian Hannan and other scientists at the Institute for Aging Research at Hebrew SeniorLife in Boston, flat feet can cause older women to experience pain in their lower backs.

Hannan and her colleagues asked test subjects to walk across a special mat with sensors inside of it designed to determine which part of participants’ feet touched the ground first while walking. The results showed that the female subjects who over-pronated were more likely to put strain on their muscles and therefore harm their backs.

Having flat feet can lead to pain now and down the road. If you have questions about arch support, contact a podiatrist like Dr. Zahid Ladha, F.A.C.F.A.S. of Foot First Podiatry. He and his staff can advise you on the best way to care for flat feet.

What are Flat Feet?

Flat feet are a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. Standing about 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arch never formed during growth.


Pain around the heel or arch area
Trouble standing on the tip toe.
Swelling around the inside of the ankle.
Flat look to one or both feet.
Having your shoes feel uneven when worn


If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. There are several ways to help treat this pain and help flat feet.

Barefoot- studies show that those who grew up going barefoot, wearing less closed-toe shoes have more of an arch. This so happens because the strength and fullness of the arch increased.

Exercise- the will strengthen and stretch the area, helping with the Achilles tendon.

Shoe Inserts – orthopedists will often recommended patients with ankle supports. This reduces pain especially those who suffer from flat feet.

Surgery – tendon surgery is an option that can help with any posterior tears. As with any surgery, it is important to speak with your doctor for professional advice.       

To learn more about flat feet, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact our office in New Albany, IN, where we offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technologies.

Read more on Flat Feet.

Ankle Sprain Once somebody twists or sprains an ankle, one of the main things to do is ice it and hope for the best later. Others might ignore the discomfort and hope the ankle will settle. Overlooking the ankle twist can end with something of a long-lasting problem which can lead to a lifespan of ankle agony, and arthritis, according to ABC news team reporter Dr. Jay Adlersberg.

One New York pedestrian recently stepped across a poorly paved driveway which resulted in an ankle injury. "I didn't notice it, I just stepped right into the hole, and my foot flopped over to the left, and then it became swollen," said Mercado. Mercado had an ankle sprain, a tear of a ligament or tendon in the ankle. According to Adlersberg, if ankle injuries like this are severe, they can actually break an ankle bone.    

If you suffer from an ankle sprain, it is recommended to seek the help of a podiatrist like Dr. Zahid Ladha, F.A.C.F.A.S. of Foot First Podiatry to ensure that your injury is evaluated properly and the appropriate treatment options are given.

How Do Ankle Sprains Happen?

Sprain injuries take place when the ligaments are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are various ways that the ankle can become injured. In fact even the simple act of walking could cause a sprain. Ankle damage can occur by losing footing or walking on uneven terrain.

What are the Symptoms?

· Mild to moderate bruising
· Limited mobility
· Swelling
· Skin discoloration

How Can I Care for my Ankle at Home?

Self-care for ankle sprains includes propping the ankle up and keeping it elevated, applying ice packs as needed, and remaining off your feet. Some may also find that wrapping the ankle with an ACE bandage and taking over-the-counter pain relievers helps. One of the most important things is avoiding further stress to the affected area.

Preventing Sprains

· Wearing appropriate shoes
· Stretching before participating in physical activity
· Knowing your limitations

To learn more about ankle sprains, please follow link below.

If you have any questions, contact our office located in New Albany, IN. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more on Caring for the Arthritic Foot.