Posts for: December, 2017
Some very serious foot problems can affect those with diabetes due to two main factors that are hallmarks of the disease. The first of these is peripheral neuropathy which is nerve damage to the extremities that causes a greatly reduced sense of feeling in the feet and hands. This damage is caused by years of high blood sugar levels, and makes it especially difficult to even notice when you have an injury to your foot.
The second factor that often affects diabetic patients is inadequate blood circulation caused by damage to arteries and blood vessels. High sugar levels in the blood contribute to hardening of the arteries and may even cause capillaries to leak. The reason this is a problem is that the decrease in blood circulation slows down the healing response.
Taken together, these two conditions mean that even a minor scrape, cut, or bruise can quickly become infected, possibly leading to ulcers, damage, and possible amputation of a toe, foot or lower leg.
Essential foot care for diabetic patients includes:
- Daily foot inspection—Carefully check your feet for any cuts, scrapes, blisters, puncture wounds, or ingrown toenails. Always inspect carefully between your toes and check the bottoms of your feet with a mirror if necessary.
- Keep your feet protected—It’s best to wear something sturdy on your feet even when you are at home to help prevent injury and protect your feet from sharp objects. Wear supportive, comfortable shoes that have a wide toe box to keep your toes from rubbing against the sides. Specially made diabetic footwear has thicker soles, a deeper heel cup, and stabilization capabilities using custom made orthotic inserts.
- Enjoy a low impact exercise program—Keeping your diabetes under control includes incorporating some exercise into your routine. Start slowly and add strength and flexibility exercises for your feet to help improve balance.
If you are concerned about diabetic foot care or other foot or ankle problem, schedule an appointment with the Foot First Podiatry in New Albany, IN. Our highly qualified podiatrist Dr. Zahid Ladha is dedicated to providing the best diagnostic care and medical treatment for you and your feet. Contact us at (812) 945-9221 and schedule an appointment today!
Falling injuries can happen to anyone, but they tend to affect people more as they age, with over 3 million seniors treated in emergency rooms every year for injuries that occurred from falls, with more than a quarter of those being for hip fractures. Many other severe injuries also occur to the feet and ankles, including ruptured tendons, muscle and ligament damage, fractures, and sprained ankles.
Many factors increase the risk of falling as we get older, including vision problems, balance issues, muscle weakness in the legs and feet, nerve damage from diabetes, and improperly fitted footwear. Some prescription and other medications may have a detrimental impact on balance, while vitamin and mineral imbalances can increase muscle weakness.
Tips to reduce falling risk:
Completely eliminating falling risk is next to impossible, but there are steps you can take to minimize the chances of suffering a debilitating falling injury. These include:
- Throw rugs—Throw out the throw rugs. These tend to be very easy to lose your footing on as they slip out from under you as you walk.
- Grab bars—Install grab bars in showers, tubs, and other bathroom areas.
- Stay active—Improve your balance and stability by increasing your muscle strength and flexibility with a regular routine. Try doing it with friends to make it more fun.
- Stairway safety—Well lit staircases and walkways are essential. Make sure handrails are properly secured.
- Wire maintenance—Trips on wires can be prevented by tying up wires and keeping them out of walking areas.
- Regular eye exams—One of the major cause of falls is poor vision. Keep up with your eye exams and get new glasses on a regular basis, at least every two years.
If you have injured your foot in a fall, or have another foot or ankle problem, schedule an appointment with the Foot First Podiatry in New Albany, IN. Our highly qualified podiatrist Dr. Zahid Ladha is committed to providing high quality diagnostic care and medical treatment for your feet. Contact us at (812) 945-9221 and schedule an appointment today!
Many people are tormented by bunions, with almost one fourth of all of those in the U.S. between the ages of 17 and 65 having at least one of them. A bunion is caused by an enlarged big toe joint that often pushes the big toe into the adjacent toes. As the bunion increases in size, the bump will rub against your footwear, causing irritation and swelling. Some people may have a genetic predisposition to developing bunions, but they can also be caused by tight fitting shoes, arthritis and an injury to the foot.
How to treat bunions and keep them from getting worse
Since a bunion is actually a bone deformity, it won’t get better on its own, and will generally become more pronounced and painful over time. Conservative treatments involve easing pressure and pain using padding and custom made orthotic inserts that can help provide stability and repositioning. A splint can be worn at night to pull the toe back into position and realign the joint. Flexibility exercises can improve and maintain mobility and reduce the effects of arthritis on the bunion. If the bunion is causing severe pain, it may be necessary to surgically reduce the bunion and realign the toe joint.
Investing in a good pair of quality shoes that are properly fitted is a good tip for keeping your bunions at bay. Shoes should provide good arch support, flatter heels, and plenty of room in the toe box. Have your feet properly measured each time you buy shoes and make sure there’s a finger width of space between your longest toe and the front of the shoe.
If you are concerned about bunions or other foot or ankle problem, schedule an appointment with the Foot First Podiatry in New Albany, IN. Our highly qualified podiatrist Dr. Zahid Ladha, D.P.M. is dedicated to providing the best diagnostic care and medical treatment for you and your feet. Contact us at (812) 945-9221 and schedule an appointment today!
Your body performs amazing feats every day, with many of them happening automatically or without giving much thought. Your feet are awesome body parts that get abused and neglected on a regular basis and we seldom take the time to marvel at how truly astonishing and reliable our feet really are.
So here are some fascinating foot facts to amuse and amaze you!
- Your feet are not the same size!—It is not unusual for one foot to be a half size larger than the other, so always get your feet measured when buying footwear and choose the size that accommodates the larger foot.
- Your feet contain a quarter of all the bones in your body!—That’s 26 bones! In addition, they are each comprised of over a hundred muscles, tendons, and ligaments, and 33 joints.
- Women get more foot problems than men—They actually get about four times as many foot issues as men, largely due to the wearing of high heels that cause damage to the feet and ankles, resulting in conditions like bunions, hammertoes, tendonitis, and ingrown toenails.
- You take over 8000 steps a day—The average individual can take between 8000 and 11,000 steps every day which equals enough steps in a year to walk around the globe 4 times.
- Foot bones take a long time to fully mature—From the time you are born, it takes until the age of 18 for your foot bones to become fully developed.
If you are concerned about a foot or ankle problem, schedule an appointment with the Foot First Podiatry in New Albany, IN. Our highly qualified podiatrist Zahid Ladha, D.P.M. is dedicated to providing the best quality care and individualized medical treatment for you and your feet. Contact us at (812) 945-9221 and schedule an appointment today!