Posts for: September, 2018
Experiencing severe pain in the back of your heel may be a sign of Achilles tendonitis. The Achilles tendon is the large tendon that connects your calf muscle to your heel bone. When it is overstressed from working too hard or from playing sports, you can feel a great deal of pain in the heel area, calf, and ankle.
Achilles tendonitis can be caused by the following:
- Rapidly accelerating without proper warming up and conditioning—A common reason for injury to the Achilles tendon is by starting a workout program too quickly without stretching and proper conditioning. Starting an exercise program after years of sitting is frequently implicated in Achilles tendon injuries.
- Repetitive stress—Playing tennis, football, and basketball, as well as other repetitive sports and activities, can slowly damage the Achilles tendon.
- Poorly fitted shoes—Make sure that your athletic shoes are the right size and that you have custom orthotic inserts for the correct arch, ball, and heel support. Always be sure to wear shoes that are made for the activity you will be performing.
Treatment options for Achilles tendonitis
Initial pain in your Achilles tendon can be treated with rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE). Ibuprofen will decrease pain and swelling and physical therapy will help gently stretch the tendon and strengthen the calf muscles. Custom orthotic inserts can help reduce strain on the tendon and provide cushioning to the heel.
If the pain and discomfort prevent you from walking and don’t start to improve after several days, you may have a ruptured Achilles tendon that will require further testing and surgery to properly repair.
If you are experiencing complications with Achilles tendonitis, enlisting the services of a skilled podiatrist will provide you with the correct diagnosis and treatment. Schedule an appointment with the Foot First Podiatry Center in New Albany, IN. Our highly-qualified podiatrist Zahid Ladha, D.P.M. is dedicated to providing the best diagnostic care and medical treatment for you and your feet. Contact us at (812) 945-9221 and schedule an appointment today!
Pain on the top of the foot can be caused by a variety of reasons, which is why it is always a good idea to have any top of the foot pain checked out by your podiatrist to determine the precise cause and get on the right treatment path.
3 of the main causes of pain on the top of the foot include:
- Shoes that fit poorly—Shoes that are too tight will increase the pressure on the top of the foot causing pressure and stress and possibly causing blisters. Your shoes should have a wide toe box to give the top of your feet room to move without constriction. Shoes that are too loose can also cause rubbing, so be sure to have your feet properly measured and fitted each time you buy shoes.
- Bone breaks and hairline fractures—Since the bones on top of the foot are small and rather fragile, they are easily damaged by accidents and injuries. While a sudden break will cause immediate pain on the top of your foot, a hairline or stress fracture can develop slowly from repetitive stress, and pain may be intermittent. Your foot doctor can perform imaging studies to identify a stress fracture.
- Diseases—Arthritis and other systemic diseases like diabetes contribute to pain, numbness, swelling, and stiffness that can affect the joints and other tissues on the top of the foot.
If you are experiencing pain on the top of your foot, enlisting the services of a skilled podiatrist will help you find the best solution. Schedule an appointment with the Foot First Podiatry Center in New Albany, IN. Our highly qualified podiatrist Dr. Zahid Ladha is dedicated to providing the best diagnostic care and medical treatment for you and your feet. Contact us at (812) 945-9221 and schedule an appointment today!
Custom orthotics are removable shoe inserts that provide greater arch support and stability to the feet and ankles. There are different types of orthotics available depending on the issue and level of support that is needed. Basic orthotics are sold over the counter, but a custom pair designed specifically for your foot will provide optimal support and comfort.
When are Custom Orthotics Necessary?
Podiatrists typically recommend custom orthotics for people with flat feet, or very high arches. One of the most common signs that you may benefit from a pair of orthotics is heel pain (although you may also experience pain and swelling in other parts of the foot). You may also experience pain and swelling after normal and relatively low impact activities like standing or walking.
A good way to figure out if you are having pronation issues is to examine the soles of your shoes and sneakers. If the soles and insoles tend to become visibly more worn on one side, it may be a sign that your alignment is off and you are over or under pronating. A podiatrist may ask you to walk in your bare feet to observe your stride and gait (known as a gait analysis). If you experience persistent pain, swelling, or stiffness, especially after exercise or after long periods of rest, schedule an appointment with a podiatrist.
Types of Custom Orthotics
There are a few different types of custom orthotics designs available depending on your needs.
Functional (also known as rigid) orthotics are made of harder materials and are usually prescribed for pronation problems or joint issues like arthritis.
Accommodative orthotics are designed to provide more cushioning and support and are typically prescribed for problems like plantar fasciitis and bunions.
In addition to improving your gait and foot and ankle alignment, custom orthotics can help to prevent related strains and injuries and relieve back, joint, and knee pain if it is caused by issues with your arches and pronation.
Ingrown toenails are frequently seen on the big toe, but other toes are also susceptible. When the corner or edge of your toenail grows sideways and pushes into your skin instead of alongside or over the top of it, an ingrown toenail can occur with the corresponding severe pain, swelling, and possible infection.
4 signs and causes of ingrown toenails include:
- Improper nail cutting—Since this is the main cause of ingrown toenails, be sure to cut your nails straight across or on a slight curve, and not too short.
- They can be inherited—Developing ingrown toenails may be all in the family! Thanks, mom!
- Redness, pain, and oozing—The tender skin at the edge of the nail will appear red and inflamed, with an oozing, sometimes foul-smelling discharge.
- Tightly fitting shoes—Shoes that scrunch your toes together like high heels can cause your toenails to push into your skin.
Treatment and prevention of ingrown toenails
Soaking the foot in warm, soapy water can help to soften the nail and decrease some of the pain and inflammation. Toe spacers can help isolate an infected toe and prevent additional stress and pressure on the nail. Wash your feet daily and use anti-bacterial and anti-fungal cream or ointment to prevent spreading.
To help prevent an ingrown toenail from occurring in the first place, always cut your toenails as straight as possible and make them a little long so they can’t get under your skin.
If you are experiencing complications with ingrown toenails, enlisting the services of a skilled podiatrist will help you find the best solution. Schedule an appointment with the Foot First Podiatry Center in New Albany, IN. Our highly-qualified podiatrist Dr. Zahid Ladha is dedicated to providing the best diagnostic care and medical treatment for you and your feet. Contact us at (812) 945-9221 and schedule an appointment today!
An untreated fungal toenail infection will go through stages, evolving from a mild inconvenience to a severe infection that can even lead to the amputation of a toe or the entire foot. While less entrenched infections can be successfully treated with over the counter treatments, always check to make sure the fungus isn’t coming back with a vengeance, requiring more aggressive care.
An early stage fungal toenail infection will show up with white lines or spots evident on the surface of the nail. The nails will become thick, more yellow, and brittle. They can also exhibit a powdery and softened condition.
Initially, toenail fungus may respond well to topical treatments like antifungal creams and ointments. If this treatment is unsuccessful and the infection continues to get worse, the symptoms will become more severe.
Symptoms of an advanced fungal toenail infection:
- Color changes—More pronounced discoloration will occur with nails becoming brown, gray, or a deeper yellow
- Pronounced ridges—Raised ridges run across the nail
- Nail thickening—More severe thickening of the nails will occur
- Scaly looking skin—Skin near the nail will take on a scaly appearance
- Bad smell—A strong odor comes from the nail area
If a fungal toenail infection goes untreated and it continues to spread, it may be necessary to completely remove the nail. The fungi can eventually spread to your bloodstream with the potential for life-threatening complications, so don’t take chances. Laser therapy for fungal nails is the perfect solution for more advanced infections and is minimally invasive.
If you are concerned about an advancing fungal toenail infection, it is important to see a podiatrist for the proper care. Schedule an appointment with the Foot First Podiatry Center in New Albany, IN. Our highly-qualified podiatrist Dr. Zahid Ladha is dedicated to providing the best diagnostic care and medical treatment for you and your feet. Contact us at (812) 945-9221 and schedule an appointment today!